Cirrhosis of the Liver

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. What is cirrhosis of the liver? Each time your liver is injured — whether by disease, excessive alcohol consumption or another cause — it tries to repair itself. But cirrhosis is that stage when your liver is permanently damaged. The scar tissue of liver keeps it from working properly. The damaged liver blocks the flow of


Obesity can lead to Fatty Liver Disease

We all know obesity is a major health problem worldwide. Obesity increases the risk of several chronic diseases including a form of liver disease called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Obesity is defined as an excess amount of body fat. The normal amount of body fat (expressed as a percentage of body weight) is between 25-30% in women and 18-23% in men. Women with over 30% body fat and men with over 25% body fat are considered obese. These excess fat in the


Acute Liver Failure: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Acute Liver Failure (ALF) is the appearance of severe complications rapidly after the first signs (such as jaundice) of liver disease, and indicates that the liver has sustained severe damage (loss of function of 80–90% of liver cells). This causes the liver to fail to work as it should. As a result, patients may become less alert or even go into a coma. Depending on the cause, acute liver failure can sometimes be reversed with proper treatment and medications. But in many


Pancreatitis: Understanding Symptoms & Causes

Pancreatitis is inflammation in the pancreas. Pancreatitis may start suddenly and last for days or it can occur over many years. It has many causes, including gallstones and chronic, heavy alcohol use. Gallstones are a common known cause of pancreatitis. Gallstones, built up in the gallbladder, can block the bile duct. This stops the pancreatic enzymes from traveling to the small intestine and forcing them back into the pancreas. These enzymes then starts to irritate the cells of the pancreas, causing the

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